A 200 nautical mile Fisheries Conservation and Management Zone (FCMZ) was declared around the Chagos Archipelago, British Indian Ocean Territory on 1 October 1991 and a fisheries regime covering all BIOT fishing waters was established on the same day. In April 2010, an MPA (Marine protected area) was created in the BIOT that covers the territorial waters of the Chagos Archipelago, except for the area immediately surrounding Diego Garcia.
MRAG's current services provide the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) Administration with:
(i) Technical and scientific advice and support in relation to management of the Marine Protected Area (MPA);
(ii) Senior Fisheries Protection Officers to oversee the monitoring and surveillance of the MPA from the BIOT Patrol Vessel and to implement an enforcement strategy to tackle vessels suspected of illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing;
(iii) Advice on BIOT’s requirements and responsibilities under the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) and attendance at some IOTC meetings.
Previous services provided prior to the MPA delcaration included: