The Fisheries Management Science Programme (FMSP) was funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) between 1991 and 2006, and managed by MRAG to produce innovative and world-class research on marine and inland capture and enhancement fisheries management. Sustainable use of the world's oceans, coastal areas and inland water bodies is critical for global food security, employment and income generation. Since 1991 the FMSP has commissioned over 60 innovative research projects on fisheries management that have produced outputs of a high scientific standard. This research contributes to achieving the Millennium Development Goal of reducing poverty and hunger by supporting fisheries managers and policy makers in the sustainable management and development of fisheries in developing countries.

The FMSP is arranged around five themes, comprised of eleven groups (clusters) of similar or related projects.